A pronoun is a particular phrase that’s used instead of a noun.
What is a Pronoun [ Pronoun Definition ]?
A pronoun is a phrase used reasonably than a noun to have the ability to avoid the repetition of the latter.
Types of Pronoun
- Personal Pronouns Wards used instead of the noun referring to individuals.
‘I, We, You, He, She, It, They’ Etc.
|The case of Personal Pronouns||Subject||Object||Possessive Adjective||Possessive Pronouns|
|Singular first individual||I||Me||My||Mine|
- Demonstrative Pronouns Words used for nouns to level out objects.
‘This, That, These, Those’ Etc.
- This is my guide.
- That is her home.
But within the following examples ‘This’ and ‘that’ are used as demonstrative adjectives.
- This guide.
- That home.
- Relative Pronouns Words used for nouns to precise capabilities regarding ‘Who, Which, What, Whose, Whom’ Etc.
- The who has simply entered the room is my good friend.
- The guide that I purchased could be very expensive.
- Interrogative Pronouns Words used for nouns to ask questions.
Who? What? Which? Whose? Whom?
- Who took my bag?
- Whom books are meet?
- Whose guide are these?
- What are you doing?
- What shirt is that this? (Interrogative adjective)
- Whose guide is that this? (Interrogative adjective)
- Indefinite Pronouns Words used for nouns in obscure and basic that means ‘Everybody, Nobody, Somebody, Either, Neither, All, Much, Several, Each, Others, Another’ Etc.
- Reflexive Pronouns Words used as types of private pronouns for emphasis.
‘Myself, ourselves, himself, themselves, yourself’ and so forth.
- Distributive Pronouns Used for people and objects referring to them as separately.
‘Either, Neither, Each, Every, None, Anyone’ Etc.
- Either of the 2 sisters is staying right here.
- Neither of his arms is flawed.
- You can take both room.
- You can speak to every boy.
- Reciprocal Pronouns Words used to level out mutual relationship.
‘Each other, One another’ Etc.
- Both the brothers love one another.
- Indians mustn’t combat with each other.
Rules of Pronoun
When the topic of the verb is the receiver of the motion, the motion is claimed to be mirrored. Such verbs are used reflexively.
‘ACQUIT, ABSENT, AVAIL, RECONCILE, AMUSE, RESIGN, AVENGE, REVENGE, ENJOY, EXERT, APPLY, ADAPT, ADJUST, PRIDE’ OVERREACH, AND SO FORTH ARE USED REFLEXIVELY.
- You ought to avail your self, Of each probability in life. (Correct)
- They loved the image final night. (No reflexive pronoun is required)
- They loved throughout summer time trip. (Place ‘themselves’ after ‘enjoyed’)
- He resigned himself to his failure. (Correct)
- The former DM acquitted very effectively. (Place ‘himself after’ ‘acquitted’)
- He was decided to avenge the loss of life of his spouse. (Correct)
The following verbs usually are not used reflexively.
‘Keep, Stop, Turn, Qualify, Bathe, Move, Rest, Hide’ usually are not used reflexively.
- You ought to preserve your self from unhealthy boys. (Drop ‘yourself’)
- He has certified himself for the put up. (Drop ‘himself’)
- He hid himself within the room. (Drop ‘himself’) (Int. Verb)
- The thief hid the cash below the carpet. (Correct) (Tran. Verb)
A reflexive pronoun can’t act as a topic or object of a verb until it’s preceded by pronoun or noun involved. For instance
- Myself will see to it that you just get your share of property. (Change ‘myself’ into ‘I’)
- Yourself and he reached there in time. (Change ‘yourself’ into ‘you’)
- I personally like him. (Correct)
- Raj will do it myself and my sister. Change ‘myself’ to ‘me’)
- The verb ‘to be’ must be adopted by subjective kind when the complement is pronoun.
- It is me who’ve introduced you dwelling. (Change ‘me’ into ‘I’)
- Was it her who did it for you? (Change ‘her’ into ‘she’)
- It might be us who will purchase a brand new home. (Change ‘us’ into ‘we’)
Verb and Prepositions are adopted by the target case of a pronoun.
- Between you and I Suhani is clever. (Say ‘me’)
- She is instructing Rohit and ‘She’. (Say ‘her’)
- Let they go. (Say ‘them’)
- Good manners require that the order of singular pronouns must be second individual, suppose individual and first individual (231).
- But in plural ‘we’ is used earlier than ‘you’ and ‘they’ after ‘you’(123). The latter order can also be noticed whereas referring to disagreeable acts. For instance
- I and you’ll attend her wedding ceremony tomorrow. (Correct use is ‘you’ and ‘I’)
- He and you’ll share the mangoes. (Use ‘you’ and ‘he’)
- You, Mohan and I’ll watch a film tonight. (Correct)
- We, you and they’re leaving for Mumbai tomorrow. (Correct)
- You and I might be punished. Unpleasant act, use ‘I and you’)
Use of possessive adjective (Possessive case of the pronoun)
- When two topics are joined by
‘As well as, Together with, Along with, and not, In addition to, Like, Unlike, With’ Rather than, Except, No lower than, Nothing however, More (noun) than one, the possessive case of the pronoun (possessive adjective) is utilized in accordance with the primary topic.
- When two topics are joined by ‘Either-or, Neither-nor, Not only-but also, None-but.’
THE POSSESSIVE CASE OF PRONOUN (POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE) IS USED IN KEEPING WITH THE CLOSEST TOPIC.
- When the pronouns
‘Each, Every, Neither, Either Anyone’ Many a, More than one (possessive adjective) is used as the topic, the possessive case must be third individual singular.
They would possibly refer to 2 or larger than two objects or people.
- When ‘one’ is used as a topic, the possessive case of the pronoun must be in keeping with one. (i.e., One’s)
- When a pronoun is used for multiple noun or pronouns of various individuals, the possessive case is within the type of first-person plural (our) and second individual plural (your). For instance
- Each boy and every trainer is required to deliver their baggage. (Use ‘his’ instead of ‘their’)
- One ought to do his responsibility sincerely. (Use ‘one’s’ instead of ‘his’)
- Neither the scholars nor-the trainer was enjoying of their correct uniform. (Use ‘his’ for ‘their’)
- Reena, in addition to her kids, has returned to their dwelling. (Use ‘her’ for ‘their’)
- Only you and I’ve introduced your books. Use ‘our’ for ‘your’)
- You and he accomplished their works. (Use ‘your’ for ‘their’)
- Have you, he and I obtained their letters? (Use ‘our’ for ‘their’)
- Neither of the 2 brothers has introduced their bedding. (Use ‘his’ for ‘their’)
- Each one among us is doing our responsibility correctly. (Use ‘his’ for ‘our’)
- Everyone ought to do one’s responsibility. (Use ‘his’ for ‘one’s’)
- My sister alongside along with her pals is doing her job in Delhi. (Correct)
A noun or pronoun within the possessive case shouldn’t be used generally with the nouns equivalent to
‘Separation, Leave, Excuse, Mention, Report, Pardon, Sight, Favour.’ For instance
- Your separation could be very painful to me. (Say ‘separation from you’)
- At his sight the robbers fled. (Say ‘At the sight of him’)
- I encourage your favour, please. (Favour of/from you)
- She did make point out of you. (Correct, ‘your mention’ is incorrect)
‘Either, Neither, Each other’ Are utilized in talking of two individuals or issues.
‘Anyone, None, One another’ Are used whereas referring to greater than two individuals or issues.
- Indians ought to by no means combat with one another. (Use ‘one another’ instead of ‘each other’)
- Anyone of his eyes is flawed. (Use ‘either’ instead of ‘anyone’)
- None of his arms was wounded within the accident. (Use ‘neither’ for ‘none’)
- Either of his 4 sons has offered his property after his loss of life.(Use ‘anyone’ for ‘either’)
While writing questions tag the topic and verb should be in keeping with the primary sentence.
- Our trainer is clever, isn’t it? (Use ‘isn’t he)
- The boys usually are not happening picnic, are they? (Correct)
- They went to Delhi yesterday, isn’t it? (Use ‘didn’t they?’)
- She come right here each day, does she? (Use ‘doesn’t she?)
- She will assist me, gained’t she? (Correct)
- I shall not play Shan’t I? Shan’t isn’t appropriate)
- Shall not play, (Correct)
- He is seldom absent, is he? (Correct)
- We needn’t fear, want we? (Correct)
- I used to put in writing poetry, didn’t I? (Correct)
- We have a guide, don’t we? (Correct)
- You have taken meals, haven’t you? (Correct)
- Don’t shut the room, will you? (Correct)
- Close the room, gained’t you/will you? (Correct)
- Let them keep right here, will they? (Correct)
- Let us keep right here, lets? (Correct)
- Let us play, lets? (Correct)
- Everything is settled, isn’t it? (Correct)
- Nothing is settled, Is it? (Correct)
- None of your pals likes her, do they? (Correct)
- Few college students are working onerous, are they? (Correct)
- Everybody can converse English, can’t they? Correct)
- No one can converse English, can they? (Correct)
- One of/most of/all you’ll go there, gained’t you? (Correct)
- One of/most of/all of us shall go there, shan’t we? (Correct)
- One of/most of/ all of them will go there, gained’t they? (Correct)
- The damaging statements having phrases equivalent to ‘Hardly, Seldom, Barely, Scarcely’, Few, Little is adopted by peculiar query tag. (Affirmative)
- With ‘Everybody, Everyone, Somebody, Someone, Nobody No one, Anybody, None, Neither, Either’. They’ is used within the query tag.
Use of Both
‘Both’ must be adopted by ‘and’ and never by ‘as well as’, Negative is averted with Both. For instance
- Both you, in addition to my brother, are going to attend her marriage tomorrow. (Use ‘and’ instead of ‘as well as’)
- Both of them usually are not going there. (Incorrect)
- Neither of them goes there. (Correct)
‘Which’ is used instead of ‘Who’ once we are referring to a selection between two or greater than two issues or individual. For instance
- Of the 2 sisters who’s the extra clever. (Use ‘which’ instead of ‘who’)
- Who is your father within the crowd? (Use ‘which’ instead of ‘who’)
- Who is healthier of the 2 dancers in our society? (Place ‘the’ earlier than higher and alter ‘who’ into ‘which’)
Possessive case We don’t use a noun after possessive case of a pronoun. For instance
- This guide is mine= This is my guide.
- This shirt is yours=This is your shirt.
- Our is a populous nation. (Say ‘Ours’)
The relative pronoun must be expressed in keeping with its relation with the verb of the adjective clause. ‘Who’ is used as a topic of a verb of the adjective clause and ‘Whom’ is used as an object of a verb or the adjective clause. For instance
- He was speaking of the ladies who, he mentioned, he met in America. (Use ‘whom’ instead of ‘who’)
- She is the type of girl whom, everyone is aware of, is clever. (Use ‘who’ instead of ‘whom’)
The use of ‘But’ as a relative pronoun. For instance
- There was none however wept. (Who didn’t weep)
- There isn’t any nation however is corrupt. (Which isn’t corrupt)
The use of the ‘same’ as a pronoun is incorrect.
- I shall provide you with a guide and the identical could be very helpful. (Say ‘it; for the ‘same’)
- He purchased a home and resides in the identical. (Say ‘it’ for the ‘same’)
‘What’ is used with out an antecedent and it refers to issues solely.
- It is unbelievable what she mentioned.
- I don’t imagine within the phrases what she uttered. (Use ‘which’ /’that’ instead of ‘what’)
- I don’t imagine in what you say. (Correct)
- I do know which you say. (Say ‘what’)
Also, Read Noun Definition.